Thursday, March 14, 2013

01 Rediscovering India: Variety is the Spice of Life

Millions of years ago, long before humans existed, a dramatic union between the Eurasian and Indian plate resulted in the birth of the mighty Himalayas. From Himalayas came the great rivers of Indus, Saraswati and Ganges, making Indian subcontinent rich and fertile. The fertile subcontinent became the preferred home for the migrating human population from all parts of the globe, starting 70,000 years ago from Africa. Indian subcontinent thus became one of the most diverse countries the world has ever seen. While the subcontinent evolved as new cultures mearged with the old, relicts of the past somehow managed to linger on. The uniqueness of such a society lies in its non-uniqueness. Some of these complexities are difficult for an outsider to understand. This land thus mesmerizes and frustrates visitors at the same time. To understand this mysterious land one has to know its past. Only when we understand this land can we truly appreciate its beauty, and only then can we understand its problems. The key to the solution of many of India’s problems lies in its past, which is exactly what this book will attempt to unravel.

For long there existed a racist classification scheme for the people of the subcontinent, a legacy of the British Raj. Recently an equally bias classification trying to fit the ‘Out of India’ theory has been promoted. It is time we understand our diversity in a better and unbiased way so that we can really appreciate it. The diversity of Indians is evident in the study done by Indian Genome Variation Initiative funded by Government of India in 2003-2008 [1]. Genetic studies have not only proved the diversity, but also showed that no mixing of genes happened in the last 10000 years, and that there is no genetic diference between the Aryan and Dravidian speaking Indians. This piece of evidence was the key in disproving the Aryan Invasion theory. Indians can be morphologically divided into four broad groups Caucasoid, Mongoloid, Protoaustraloid and Negrito (figure 1). Lingustically it can be divided into Aryan, Dravidian, Tibeto-Burman and Austroasiatic (figure 2). It is important to mention here that word ‘Arya’ as used in ancient Indo-Iranian texts, has nothing to do with race as many would like to believe. ‘Aryan’ race displacing the ‘Dravidian’ race is nothing but a work of fiction. Though there is a broad match, there is no perfect correlation between linguistic and morphologic groups indicating a cultural effect of interaction between different groups over a long period of time.

1 Morphological Division [1]

2 Linguistic Division [1]

Negrito, the broad headed people from Africa, are the earliest known modern humans to colonize the subcontinent around 70 thousand years ago. From here some of them moved to South-East Asia and Australia. These hunters and gatherers were people who loved the sea, and they always sticked to the coast. This event was thus named the Great Coastal Migration. They were probably the first sailors as they colonized islands like Papua New Guinea and Andaman, and possibly Australia [2]. These early migrators still exist in India as the Jarawas, Onges, Sentelenese, the Great Andamanis, Irulas, Kodars, Paniyans, Kurumbas, Baigas and Birhors [3]. The population of Baiga of central India and the Birhor of eastern India not only share many cultural, linguistic, physical and genetic features with the Australian aboriginals but also share a perfectly matching DNA [4]. We probably owe our sailing skills to them. Thousands of years later their successors will again come to the subcontinent. But this time they would not come as free man, but as slaves of the Islamic invaders. They would be known as Sheedi and live in modern Pakistan.
Protoaustraloids or Austrics were the next to land here. From India they would spread to Myanmar and the South East Asian islands. Austrics were farmers who cultivated rice, vegetables and made sugar from sugarcanes [3]. We might owe a lot of our agricultural skills to these people. Belonging to this group are Santhal, Munda, Lotha, Kol, Irulas, Oraon and Korku tribes. There are many authors [5] who relate the Australian aboriginals with Austrics instead of Negroids. Interestingly, most of the people who linguistically fall into Dravidian and Austroasiatic group are Protoaustraloid. There are some who believe that they have migrated from around the Mediterranean region [3].

Mongoloids are very distinct group of people characterized by yellowish-brown skin pigmentation, straight black hair, dark eyes with pronounced epicanthic folds, and prominent cheekbones [6]. The Mongoloid group of people migrated from South-East Asia and China and settled in the Himalayas. The Mughals who ruled India in the Middle Ages were distant relative of the Mongoloid people of Mongolia, the place from where the group takes its name. They first went towards south west Asia in and around Turkey and got converted to Islam and interbred with the local Caucasoid population before invading India. The third phase of Mongoloids, albeit a very minor one, happened during the British rule when the Chinese workers landed in Kolkata. Many Chinese even received milliary training on Indian soil during the World Wars. Some of their population still survives in Tangra, the best place to have Chinese food in Kolkata, and perhaps India.

Caucasians are Indo-Europeans and Aryans are Caucasians. From ancient Indo-Iranian texts one can infer that there came a time when Aryans split into the Persian Zoroastians and Indian Vedic Hindus. It is still difficult to understand their relation with Indus Valley Civilization, but their initial influence has mostly been across Indus-Saraswati belt where Indus Valley Civilization also flourished. There have been numerous migrations of Caucasians in and out of the sub-continent through its western borders. There had been a lot of intermixing, and if I may, interbreeding between the Greeks and Indians during the time of Alexaneder. Post Mauryan Empire there had been a brief Indo-Greek kingdom in India, and then Indo-Schythian and Indo-Kushans. Then came the Christians in the 1st century. Christianity found its foot on Indian soil for the first time with Saint Thomas's landing somewhere around Kerla. This was much before Christianity spread in UK.  Newer Caucasoid group came again as Parsee and Jews when the Islamic rulers forced them out of their territory. The trend of migration continued with the Islamic and European conquests.

Different groups of people entered and re-entered the sub-continent over a period of 70,000 years. They sometimes got friendly and mixed with each-other and at other times fought with each-other, and many times they formed an alliance just to survive. While happy memories fade easily, the scars of battles remain. The diversity ensures lack of common ground for the people to unite. This is probably the biggest threat that India faces today, much bigger than the threat of our neighbors. Studies provide strong evidence that we all have migrated to the sub-continent at some point of time. But, what is more intriguing is the fact that even after so many phases of invasion none of the community has been totally erased. That’s the peculiarity of India, and Indians. We all have left our marks, and we all have survived. We all contributed to the growth of this wonderful land, and now we all must unite for the growth of this country.

When we enjoy the samosa we must not forget that the concept of samosa was brought by the Islamic invadors, and the potato stuffed inside the aloo by the Europeans from Peru, and the spices that makes it so yummy from South-East Asia.  Variety is the spice of life, and we would have missed it without all the intermixing. The vibrant colourful India is a legacy of the divercity. We can either choose to remember the bitter fractions of out past and fight, or celebrate the uniqueness of our non-uniqueness. Our great diversity gives us this magnificent opportunity to show the world how to live together in peace and harmony. Our unity can not only make India, but the world, a much better place. The choice lies with us.

[2] Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies; Jared Diamond; 1997


JOURNEY OF SURVIVORS: The History of the Sub-continent

PRE-HISTORIC [30,000-5000BC]

ANCIENT [5000BC-300 CE]
      4.2 ASURA
      5.1 UPANISHADS
      5.2 CHARVAKA
      5.4 MAHAVIRA
      6.1 VENDETTA

CLASSICAL [300 – 1200 CE]
      8.3 THE GLORY
      9.1 THE POET KING

MEDIEVAL [1200 - 1700 CE]
CHAPTER 10: RISE OF ISLAM [1200-1500 CE]
      10.5 THE MAD KING
CHAPTER 11: THE MUGHALS [1500-1700 CE]

MODERN [1700 - 2015 CE]
      12.5 INDIA DIVIDED
      13.16 BLOODBATH
CHAPTER 14: MODERN INDIA [1947-2014]
      14.1 MODERN INDIA
      14.2 IDEA OF INDIA
      14.3 A SHAKY START
      14.5 THE OLD WITCH
      14.9 INDIA DIVIDED
      14.11 NUCLEAR RACE

You React:


  1. :) hey u r nominated for Liebster Award here

  2. Nice and informative

    any reference for differently stylised (font) para ("Indian Vedic Hindus. It is still difficult to relate their relation with Indus Valley Civilization, but their initial influence has mostly been across Indus-Saraswati belt where Indus Valley Civilization also flourished.")

    1. from the rivers mentioned in RV one gets some idea about the mentions Saraswati, and the battle of ten kings was fought on the banks of River Ravi....they were probably in the northern part of the sapt-sindhu land...about IVC we know from the archaeological sites....

  3. I don't know if it's just me or if perhaps everybody else encountering issues
    with your site. It appears like some of the text on your
    content are running off the screen. Can someone else please
    comment and let me know if this is happening to them too? This may be a problem with my internet browser because I've had this happen previously.
    Appreciate it

    Stop by my webpage ... Dre Headphones

  4. Hello, the whole thing is going perfectly here and ofcourse every one is sharing information, that's actually excellent, keep up writing.

    Also visit my page - Dre Headphones

  5. Magnificent goods from you, man. I've understand your stuff previous to and you're just
    extremely wonderful. I really like what you have acquired here, really like what you're stating
    and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it sensible.
    I can't wait to read far more from you. This is really a tremendous website.

    Here is my web site :: Beats Dre

  6. Hi everyone, it's my first visit at this web page, and piece of writing
    is genuinely fruitful in favor of me, keep up posting these articles or reviews.

    Feel free to surf to my website: Beats Headphones

  7. We stumbled over here different web page and thought I might as
    well check things out. I like what I see so i am just following you.
    Look forward to exploring your web page yet again.

    Here is my web page :: Beats By Dre Cheap

  8. What's up, of course this post is really good and I have learned
    lot of things from it on the topic of blogging. thanks.

    Here is my homepage; Beats Monster

  9. Keep this going please, great job!

    Feel free to visit my weblog - Dr Dre Beats Mixr

  10. Woah! I'm really loving the template/theme of this site.
    It's simple, yet effective. A lot of times it's very difficult to get that "perfect balance"
    between user friendliness and visual appeal.
    I must say you've done a amazing job with this.
    In addition, the blog loads very quick for me on Chrome.
    Outstanding Blog!

    Here is my weblog; New Balance Online

  11. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that
    it is truly informative. I am going to watch out for brussels.
    I'll be grateful if you continue this in future. Lots of people will be benefited from your writing.


    my weblog ... New Balance Store

  12. Hello there, You've done an excellent job. I'll certainly digg it and personally suggest to my
    friends. I am confident they will be benefited
    from this web site.

    Feel free to surf to my web page :: Christian Louboutin Sale

  13. What i don't realize is in reality how you're now not actually a lot more neatly-favored than you might be right now.
    You're very intelligent. You already know therefore significantly when it comes to this subject, produced me in my opinion believe it from a lot of numerous angles.
    Its like men and women aren't interested unless it is one thing to do with Girl gaga!
    Your personal stuffs nice. All the time maintain it up!

    Also visit my web-site - Fake Louis Vuitton Bags

  14. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the page
    layout of your website? Its very well written; I love what youve got
    to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with
    it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or two
    pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?

    my weblog; Louis Vuitton Online

  15. Appreciate this post. Let me try it out.

    My page; Louis Vuitton Outlet Store

  16. Hello, the whole thing is going nicely here and
    ofcourse every one is sharing data, that's in fact
    fine, keep up writing.

    My web blog: Replica Louis Vuitton []

  17. Hey there are using Wordpress for your blog platform? I'm new to the blog world
    but I'm trying to get started and set up my own. Do you require any coding
    knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

    my webpage ... Cheap Dr Dre Beats (

  18. I do not even understand how I ended up right here, however
    I assumed this put up was once good. I don't realize who you're but certainly
    you are going to a well-known blogger when you are not already.

    Also visit my homepage - Dr Dre Headphones

  19. whoah this blog is great i love reading your
    articles. Stay up the good work! You realize, many individuals are hunting round
    for this info, you can aid them greatly.

    Visit my web site :: New Balance Shoes

  20. I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?
    Plz answer back as I'm looking to create my own blog and would like to know where u got this
    from. appreciate it

    Here is my web blog ... New Balance Running

  21. I every time spent my half an hour to read this weblog's articles every
    day along with a mug of coffee.

    Look at my webpage New Balance

  22. When I originally commented I clicked the "Notify me when new comments are added" checkbox and now
    each time a comment is added I get several e-mails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove me from that service?

    my web blog New Balance Australia

  23. Excellent items from you, man. I've take note your stuff prior to and you are simply too excellent.
    I actually like what you've got right here, really like what you're stating
    and the best way through which you are saying it.
    You're making it enjoyable and you continue to care for to stay it sensible.
    I can't wait to read far more from you. That is really a tremendous site.

    Feel free to surf to my webpage - Louboutin Shoes

  24. I really like what you guys are usually up too.
    This type of clever work and exposure! Keep up the awesome
    works guys I've added you guys to my own blogroll.

    Also visit my web page - Cheap Dr Dre Beats

  25. Good day! This post could not be written any better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate!

    He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this write-up to him.
    Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

    My web site - Christian Louboutin Outlet

  26. Fantastic website you have here but I was wondering if you knew of any
    forums that cover the same topics discussed here?
    I'd really like to be a part of community where I can get suggestions from other
    knowledgeable individuals that share the same
    interest. If you have any suggestions, please let me know.

    my web site; Dr Dre Headphones

  27. I drop a leave a response when I like a article on a site or I have something
    to valuable to contribute to the conversation. Usually it's
    caused by the sincerness displayed in the post I read.
    And after this article "01 Rediscovering India: Variety is the Spice of Life".
    I was actually moved enough to leave a thought :-P I actually do have some questions for you if you usually do not mind.
    Could it be simply me or does it give the impression like a
    few of the responses appear as if they are written by brain dead
    folks? :-P And, if you are writing on other social sites,
    I'd like to follow anything new you have to
    post. Could you make a list the complete urls of your shared sites like
    your linkedin profile, Facebook page or twitter feed?

    Visit my page Christian Louboutin Outlet

  28. Hmm it appears like your website ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I'll just sum it
    up what I wrote and say, I'm thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I as well am an aspiring blog writer but I'm still new to the whole thing.
    Do you have any tips and hints for rookie blog writers?
    I'd really appreciate it.

    my blog ... Running Shoes

  29. Fastidious respond in return of this matter with genuine arguments and explaining all regarding that.

    My page :: New Balance Sale

  30. Hi there just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the
    pictures aren't loading properly. I'm not
    sure why but I think its a linking issue. I've tried
    it in two different browsers and both show the same outcome.

    Have a look at my page :: Running Shoes

  31. I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest
    but your blogs really nice, keep it up! I'll
    go ahead and bookmark your website to come back
    later on. Many thanks

    My web page Christian Louboutin Heels

  32. Hi, just wanted to tell you, I loved this post.
    It was practical. Keep on posting!

    Review my weblog - Christian Louboutin Online

  33. Very nice write-up. I certainly appreciate this website. Keep writing!

    Look at my web site ... Christian Louboutin Discount

  34. I read this paragraph fully regarding the resemblance of newest and preceding
    technologies, it's amazing article.

    Also visit my blog post ... Louboutin Shoes

  35. If some one desires to be updated with hottest technologies then he must be pay a quick visit this
    web site and be up to date all the time.

    Look into my webpage; Beats By Dre Studio

  36. I just couldn't go away your website before suggesting that I actually enjoyed the usual info
    a person supply for your visitors? Is gonna be
    again regularly in order to investigate cross-check new posts

    Also visit my blog: Fake Louis Vuitton Bags

  37. I read this article completely on the topic of the comparison of newest and previous technologies, it's
    awesome article.

    Feel free to visit my web site; Christian Louboutin Sale

  38. Good respond in return of this matter with real arguments and explaining all on the topic of that.

    Also visit my site - Christian Louboutin Outlet

  39. fantastic issues altogether, you just won a new reader.

    What could you suggest in regards to your publish that you simply made a few days ago?
    Any certain?

    Here is my webpage Louboutin Shoes

  40. Now I am going away to do my breakfast, after having my breakfast
    coming yet again to read more news.

    Here is my website Beats Dre

  41. A person necessarily help to make significantly posts I would state.
    That is the first time I frequented your website page and to this point?
    I amazed with the analysis you made to make this actual put up amazing.

    Wonderful process!

    My website; Christian Louboutin Toronto

  42. After I initially commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments
    are added- checkbox and from now on each time
    a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the exact same comment.

    Perhaps there is an easy method you are able to remove me from that service?

    Thank you!

    my blog post :: Louis Vuitton Australia

  43. I delight in, result in I found exactly what I was taking a
    look for. You've ended my four day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day.

    Feel free to surf to my webpage ... Replica Louis Vuitton

  44. Hi my friend! I wish to say that this post is amazing, nice written and include approximately all significant infos.
    I would like to peer more posts like this .

    Feel free to visit my homepage; Monster Beats

  45. It's going to be end of mine day, but before end I am reading this great
    article to improve my knowledge.

    my web site :: Beats By Dre

  46. With havin so much written content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright infringement?
    My blog has a lot of completely unique content I've either
    written myself or outsourced but it looks like a lot of it
    is popping it up all over the web without my permission. Do you know
    any ways to help reduce content from being ripped off? I'd really appreciate it.

    Review my homepage; Louis Vuitton Outlet Store

  47. It's really a great and useful piece of info. I am glad that you
    simply shared this helpful information with us. Please stay us informed like this.
    Thanks for sharing.

    My site :: Replica Louis Vuitton

  48. Hey there would you mind sharing which blog platform you're working with?
    I'm going to start my own blog in the near future but I'm
    having a tough time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different
    then most blogs and I'm looking for something completely unique.
    P.S My apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

    Here is my webpage - Dr Dre Beats

  49. Very descriptive article, I liked that a
    lot. Will there be a part 2?

    Here is my weblog Louis Vuitton Outlet UK

  50. I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I'm now not certain whether or not this put up is written by him as nobody else realize such precise approximately my
    problem. You're amazing! Thanks!

    my site: Fake Louis Vuitton Bags

  51. Thanks for sharing your thoughts about bottle.

    My web page :: Louis Vuitton Cheap

  52. Great post however , I was wanting to know if you could write
    a litte more on this subject? I'd be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more.

    Bless you!

    My web page - Louis Vuitton Cheap

  53. I'll right away seize your rss feed as I can not in finding your e-mail subscription link or
    newsletter service. Do you've any? Kindly allow me realize in order
    that I may just subscribe. Thanks.

    Here is my page - Louis Vuitton Outlet

  54. whoah this weblog is great i like studying your posts.
    Stay up the great work! You recognize, a lot of individuals are looking around for this information, you can help them greatly.

    Visit my homepage - Christian Louboutin Heels

  55. I enjoy what you guys tend to be up too. Such clever work and coverage!

    Keep up the amazing works guys I've added you guys to blogroll.

    Feel free to surf to my page - Replica Louis Vuitton

  56. I'm extremely inspired together with your writing abilities as neatly as with
    the structure for your weblog. Is that this a paid subject or did you customize it yourself?

    Anyway keep up the nice high quality writing, it is uncommon to look a nice blog
    like this one today..

    Feel free to surf to my weblog: Beats By Dr Dre

  57. Just desire to say your article is as astonishing.

    The clarity in your post is simply excellent and
    i could assume you're an expert on this subject. Well with your
    permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated
    with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the rewarding work.

    Also visit my web-site ... Beats By Dre Usa

  58. Greate pieces. Keep writing such kind of info on your blog.
    Im really impressed by it.
    Hi there, You've performed an incredible job. I will certainly digg it
    and in my view suggest to my friends. I am confident they'll be benefited
    from this web site.

    Also visit my webpage - Louis Vuitton Outlet Australia

  59. I loved as much as you'll receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored material stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get bought an nervousness over that you wish be delivering the following.
    unwell unquestionably come further formerly again as exactly the same
    nearly very often inside case you shield this hike.

    Visit my webpage Louis Vuitton Australia

  60. Heya i'm for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful &
    it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.

    My webpage Louis Vuitton Outlet

  61. Outstanding post however , I was wanting to know if you could write
    a litte more on this subject? I'd be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit further.
    Appreciate it!

    Here is my blog: Louis Vuitton Outlet Store

  62. Excellent beat ! I wish to apprentice even as you amend your website,
    how could i subscribe for a weblog web site? The account helped me a
    acceptable deal. I were tiny bit familiar of this your broadcast provided vibrant transparent idea

    my web-site: Louis Vuitton Australia

  63. Its such as you read my mind! You appear to understand a lot about this,
    such as you wrote the book in it or something. I believe that
    you could do with some percent to power the message
    home a little bit, however instead of that, this is fantastic blog.
    A great read. I will certainly be back.

    My web site; Louis Vuitton Outlet Australia (


Leave a piece of you mind here...